José Antolínez was born into a noble family. He was one of the most prominent representatives of the Baroque School of Madrid . Although he was influenced by Velázquez's use of aerial perspective and realism, his greatest influence were the Venetian masters, especially Veronese and [Titian#pintor_en#3451], whose paintings he studied in the Spanish royal art collections and in his patron the Admiral of Castile's collection. Antolínez did as many paintings of the Immaculate Conceptions as Murillo. He defined the iconography of the Immaculate Conception in the Madrid School in the mid-17th century using gold and silver shades and loose brushwork. His most famous Immaculate Conceptions are in the [Museo del Prado#MUSEOS#1] and the Lázaro Galdiano Museum in Madrid. Another subject he painted on a various occasions was Mary Magdalene, and his Penitent Mary Magdalene in the Prado is particularly striking. Another of his works on a religious theme is the Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian, painted in 1673 and on display at the Museo Cerralbo in Madrid. Titian's influence is quite apparent in this work's golden hues. From his mythological paintings the Education of Bacchus from 1665 stands out. Another important painting is The Picture Seller, in the Munich Art Gallery, which is significant for its careful study of perspective and for being one of the few paintings on a social theme in Spanish painting from that time.