Versailles became a royal city in 1662 when Louis XIV ordered this palace to be built, around which a town of 50,000 inhabitants grew up. Versailles lost its splendour in 1789 when Louis XVI moved the court to Paris. Le Vau, Le Nôtre and Le Brun designed the palace. The famous gardens were conceived by Le Nôtre with a team of sculptors under the charge of Girardon y Coysevox. The marble Trianon, the chapel, the Opera House, and Marie Antoinette's théâtre were also built. In 1837 Louis Philippe turned it into in a history museum.