Datos principales

17th to 18th century


This political conception of power was based on the theories of Juan Bodino, author of the treatise "De La République", and Thomas Hobbes, author of "Leviathan". The theory reached its highest level of development in Louis XIV's France and this sovereign is considered the classic example of the word "Absolutism". During the 17th century and part of the 18th it spread throughout Europe and to other continents. As a result, we have the Stuarts in England and the Habsburgs in Spain. Charles I of England and Philip II and [Philip IV#PERSONAS#17] of Spain represent clear examples of absolutist monarchs. The general theory on which absolute sovereignty is based is the idea that man in his natural state becomes selfish and triggers off wars. Therefore, in order to survive it is necessary to agree a contract whereby man's natural rights are transferred to the State which has absolute, indivisible and irrevocable sovereignty over its subjects. This State is represented perfectly by one person: "the King". Later, Jacques Bousset, Louis XIV's preacher, stressed the divine origin of the monarch's right, who, as God's representative on earth, is not accountable to the Church or to his people.

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